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I have found 1921 to be the earliest use of the term "Put & Take." The spread and popularity of Put & Takes was a true "craze," a term applied to Put & Takes even then. Lavalette, a French firm, and Bosch, a German firm, partnered between WW I and WW II.) Unusual bi-level top with 8 colored balls. This piece is in all original pre-owned condition age related wear and marks. Same as top #4 in the chart above, except one side is COLON, not COLIN. described it as, "Vintage 6 sided Bi-level "Odds On" Spinner, Circa 1920s. The top level sides are marked with the odds in this order: " E [Even], 2-1, 4-1, 5-1, 6-1, 8-1." The bottom level is marked with the symbols in this order: crown, heart, spade, anchor, diamond, club.. Looks to be made of brass with a silver coloured finish. The above three pictures show how a Put and Take can be rigged for cheating. One unusual rule: "If a PUT and an ALL are rolled, then the player puts in an amount equal to the entire pot." While unusual, I have seen this rule mentioned many times. Per seller: "The bidding is for ONE dice only, I have shown 2 in the photo to show more faces of the dice. This is my version of a game I loved as a child called "Put & Take". Hand lathed of aluminum, well balanced for long spins.
The Put & Take craze enveloped the world in the 1920s and 30s, as seen everywhere in games, newspaper stories, songs, plays, movies, punchboards, and reform movements to outlaw the spinners and games. G." stands for "Sans Garantie Du Gouvernement" (="without government guarantee"). Click here for full information and pictures on another page. The top breaks down and you can move the tumblers off and on, depending on what you are playing." Tri-level Crown & Anchor. ....there are chips to the paintwork in places." The top is 6-sided, each level has these 6 sides: X 1 2 3 4 5. "STILL IN GOOD WORKING PERIOD CONDITION, THIS PARTICULAR TEETOTEM IS RARE BECAUSE IT IS TRI-LEVEL WITH 3 INDEPENDENTLY SPINNING DECKS OR LEVELS. Grey Lag-Colon-- Man-O-War--Morvich- Zev-Spark Plug DISQ, 5-1, 4-1, 8-1, 6-1, 2-1 Crown and Anchor. The typed instructions came with the rigged tops when ordered from a gambling supply house. "Blue Book" (copyright 1932), which at that time had offices in eight major cities across the U. Notice how the middle ones are nice and symmetrical -- straight/fair/honest. Per seller, "Put N Take Dreidel - Gambling Spinner - Made in Wisconsin USA, Made in Wisconsin USA, CNC Machined from Aircraft Grade Aluminum. Dealer, in e Bay August 2009 auction description, says: "... A box of 1 dozen 3/4" dice for the game Put & Take etched in black, red and blue. "The original game was a spinning top but this dice version is easier for younger children who can't make a top spin. "The 6 faces read - PUT 1, PUT 2, ALL PUT, TAKE 1, TAKE 2 & TAKE ALL. "This is a fun way to teach children about turn taking, following game rules, number value, winning & losing! English lettering is CNC-engraved and hand painted. This auction includes one aluminum top, instruction card, and small fabric gift bag. ," as described by e Bay seller rembet33 in Oct 2009. per e Bay seller, March 2010: "Well, I came up with a design and had it made and now am selling it to other Put and Take enthusiasts looking for an ultimate game experience that can be carried with you wherever you go.
If it landed with the star or Take All showing, he would take all the chips from the pot.
They were usually small, about an inch high, and made of brass. She says, "In the Netherlands 18th 19th century they made spinners from silver, like in the picture. Lengh 3.2 cm, weight 6.8 gram "The letters on each of the 6 sides: A - only take B - to pay N - nothing to take T - take D - double put S put." She adds, "The letters on the sides are difficult to read, old fashioned Dutch," so she is giving an approximate translation. That much is for sure." In a reference work, she found, "... ), S (set=put), T (trek= take), D (dubbel=double) and N (niet=not, nothing)." None of this should be surprising, what with the Teetotum gambling top being known in ancient Greece and the Dreidel (put and take instructions on the four-sided spinner) being developed in 16th century Germany -- source here . ONE IS RED AND CREAM BAKELITE AND ONE IS GREEN AND CREAM BAKELITE. Just goes to show that prices fluctuate, so you can wait for the right price (sometimes).] "The top level reads TEN, NINE, ACE, KING, QUEEN, and JACK. It is lightweight, made of aluminum, and has a hole in the stem to accommodate a key chain. right one: 8-sided: TAKE ONE, PUT TWO, TAKE THREE, ALL PUT, TAKE TWO, PUT ONE, TAKE ALL, PUT THREE. Same seller, also called vintage with many listings. ] PUT AND TAKE SOLID BRASS SPINNER IN EXCELLENT CONDITION, ALL THE NUMBERS & LETTERS ARE ALL ALMOST PERFECT, NO MAJOR DENTS. " Looks modern to me, looks similar to these "Rocky Top" spinners, which are admittedly modern. P1 = pon 1, P2 = pon 2, Todos Ponen, T1 = toma 1, T2 = toma 2, Toma Todo. All these are only about each, but kind of cheap, plain looking, worth no more than that. They say, "7-sided heptagonal top / spinner / dreidel for the game put-and-take, aka toma todo. I was turned off by the big size of the item: "The size of the box is 9"x15"." The description said: ""A game of chance with dice and chips." Box top has staining, major corner and edgewear, one torn side and a small amount of graphic loss at one corner, otherwise solid. There are instructions printed on the inside of the top of the box. Made by the Durable Toy & Novelty Company of New York.They could be carried in ones pocket and used anytime in a bar, army barracks or other gathering place for an impromptu gambling session. He describes it as "in the form of a Bosch (Bosch-Lavalette) spark plug. It spins quite well virtually each time if you are careful. The sale was helped with this neat composite picture of many angles of the spinner. T: take from pot) P11222 If one P is rolled, the player rolls again or passes the dice to the next player, depending on the agreed rules.Each player would contribute chips, coins or currency to a pot. So, for example, if "1P" and an "R" appeared, it would mean a pair of kings! As far as I could determine, originally from France and probably for the game Pinochle. One issue I have is that if you tighten the handle (as you normally would), the upper level presses against the lower level, so the upper level won't move independently. And here, which shows the company's lighter in the three upper pictures, and the other pictures are of the bi-level Put & Take made from some of the same parts. (Bosch-Lavalette was an old German-French partnership firm which made a wide variety of light engineering precision work, largely connected with fuel injection pumps and small electrical equipment, and large petrol engines. Similar to the one above -- made by the same person, modern, aluminum, 1-1/4," 12 grams. Near the handle, the patent number 33471 is engraved. Proudly made at the Crisloid factory in Providence, RI." Modern Put and Take dice. If two Ps are rolled, the player takes the entire pot (as in Take ALL). Made by Koplow Games Inc., Massachusetts, made in China. Die 1: 1 2 3 4 5 All Die 2: Put Take Put Take Put Take Rules are on the back of the container. Thanks, E." "Put & Take spinning top / Teetotum Wooden handmade, eigth sides 4,5cm long and 2,2cm diameter TA: take all T3: take three P1: Put one T2: Take two AP: All put P3: Put three T1: Take one P4: Put four Spin well, 40 seconds over glass surface" "New spinning top for Parta Ola (Put and Take), the traditional spinning top game.They also provide information on the letters (P, N, D, etc.) and initials (NG, ZS, TA, etc.) found on many, especially old, Put & Takes, teetotums, etc: Wikipedia Teetotum article . If it landed "0" or Put All or All Put, he would have to match the pot (the rule given in John Scarne's "Scarne on Dice.") or lose all his chips or each player would have to contribute to the pot, depending on the rules. Apparently the spinner was used to help simulate a baseball game -- no odds, no gambling use. Click here for an ad for a similar baseball top, also 1921. G -- 1= Ace - Ace A kings crown with an "R" under it -- R= Roi - King A queen's crown with a "D" under it - D= Dame - Queen Another type of hat with a "V" under it - V= Valet - Jack 10 diamonds" Note that it is over 1-1/2" tall. The teetotum measures 3.5cm tall." The spinner has to do with selecting and betting on sporting teams -- whether home or away team wins or there is a draw. Just the opposite would happen if you spin the same top counterclockwise or the top on the right clockwise. In his book "Scarne's New Complete Guide to Gambling," John Scarne describes this safer (for the cheats) method: two cheats start playing the game with a fair top in a bar or restaurant. When the action really gets going, one cheat switches a crooked top ("put" favored or "take" favored) in and out of the game as required. Half the time it does not spin; and the other half of the time it is a poor wobbly spin. Dealer masterpanus described it as "Put And Take Brass Teetotum Gambling Top Trench Art Replica -- Gambling teetotums hand made by me in San Diego, California. Each top I make is different since they are hand made. Seller says, "INCLUDED IN THIS SET ARE FOUR SETS OF DICE. The basket measures 2 1/2" long x 1 3/4" wide x 1 1/4" tall. Each are made of bone and feature black & red colored barrel shaped die & "Put & Take" spinning top piece. We've had seconds as our best spin." The large blue one (click here to see) is about 2" long and 1" wide. The red celluloid tops worked that way because the lower portion of the sides were rounded in such a way to force the desired outcome. Dealer said, "The contents of the game are the metal dreidel, 10 authentic Gold nugget replicas, rulebook with a very short history of the California gold rush, and a canvas pouch to hold it all. A., Original price tag from the Mel Fisher Museum of .95." note: I don't own this one. One collector reported to me that this top spins very poorly. Contents: 12 pieces coin , 1 spinning top,." Note: same chips as in the "Morgan's Revenge" set above. 54 cards contain instructions to put or take playing pieces with the pot or other players. The company makes many small metal machinist products like belt buckles, bottle openers, spinning tops, etc. I'd appreciate it if someone would tell me about the card game, how it is played, number of cards.It gives the Latin abbreviations on the sides of teetotums. ELLIOTT AVEDON VIRTUAL MUSEUM OF GAMES: Dreidel - Put & Take - Teetotum . I have one set of rules where a land on "0" would mean just that the top passes to the next person. In the pictures below are some of the over 100 Put and Takes in my collection, plus some horse racing and dice tops. 1374243" (same US patent number as the Poker top, in the row above). Also click here for a view of the box and instruction sheet. "Top level in this order: SEQ, MP, POK, 1P, 2P, BR "Bottom level: 9 diamonds 1 diamond BTE (TE is underlined) followed by S. As the game winds down, they swith the fair top back in, and can leave it to one of the suckers as a souvenir. Looks nice, though: thick, deep embossed inscriptions. Hand stamped, hand knurled, and machined on a manual lathe." Metal. EACH SET IS HANDCRAFTED RIGHT HERE IN THE ILLINOIS VALLEY BY OUR MASTER CRAFTSMAN AND OFFERED AT A DISCOUNTED PRICE IN THIS COMBINATION SET. These have been around for quite a while, usually labeled as "vintage" or "antique." I took these pictures from one honest e Bay seller, who described the set as, "This is a contemporary made game of chance for "Put and Take". The white plastic one here is weighted on the inside for each of the six sides so as to force the desired outcome depending on whether the operator twists the stem to the right or left. A Fast paced & easy to learn game for 2 or more players, new unopened condition. "Rocky Top." Unusual the way the two characters on each side are deliberately mis-aligned, never saw that before. She was impressed, though, with its handsome appearance and heavy weight. Seller says, "Gambling 8 sided put-n-take top carried by all early 1800"s gamblers, a game could be started anywhere with someone putting money into a pool and spinning the top. "PUT," "TAKE," and ""LOSE SPIN." The spinner has 8 sides, but only those three commands: take, lose spin, put, take, put, lose spin, take, put. A few of the cards contain new instructions that can radically change the outcome. They say, "Each of our gambling teetotums are hand turned from a solid brass .75″ hex bar making each one unique. What I received was 36 cards, about 3-1/2" x 2-1/4" each, all with the same standard back design.
According to the Encyclopedia Britannica article on teetotums, "the hexagonal (six-sided) teetotum was known to the ancient Greeks and Romans." The earliest teetotums were used as a substitute for dice, so the sides of the top would be numbered, usually 1 to 6. Two other nice/unusual features: (1) the upper level has single numbers, not odds (like 5-1, 3-2,), and (2) lovely spiral design on the finial (handle) (ususally it is plain or has parallel lines or a diamond design).